Chandpur District (chittagong
division) with an area of 1704.06 sq km, is bounded by munshiganj and
comilla districts on the north, noakhali, lakshmipur and barisal districts
on the south, Comilla district on the east, meghna river, shariatpur and
Munshiganj districts on the west. River erosion is a common feature in
this district. The Padma and the Meghna meet near Chandpur Town and take
a vast expanse. Main tributaries of the Meghna are Dakatia, Dhanagada,
Matlab and Udhamdi. Ghorgaon Jala is a beel. Annual average temperature-maximum
34.3°C, minimum 12.7°C; annual average rainfall 2551 mm.
Chandpur (Town) a
municipal town, stands on the bank of the Meghna. Its area is 7.77 sq
km. It consists of 15 wards and 75 mahallas. The town has a population
of 94821; male 50.77%, female 49.23%. Literacy rate among the town people
is 56.4%. Chandpur Municipality was established in 1897. In the map
of Greater Bengal by James Renel Chandpur has been exactly indicated
along with Tripura. JN Sengupta thinks that Chandpur was named after
zamindar Chand Ray of Bikrampur. Some people think that it was named
after darvish Chand Fakir of village Koralia adjacent to the town. Again,
some people think that it was named after Chand Sawdagar of the maimansingha
gitika who used to come to this port for trade with his Swapta Dinga
"Madhukar". During the first part of the twentieth century
some European and Indian business firms established several jute mills
here. But with the partition of Indian sub continent in 1947 most of
these business establishments were closed down. This port was an important
centre for jute and grain trades. Besides, many other trades on ship
building, salt refinery, fishing net making and oil production are present
in this port. However, some parts of the town have submerged into riverbed
due to erosion and the Puran (old) Bazar is now under threat of river
erosion. Since 1973 Tk 35 crores have been spent to build town protection
dam with blocks.
sub-division was established in 1878 and was included in Tripura district.
It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 6 municipalities,
60 wards, 195 mahallas, 7 upazilas, 1 thana, 87 union parishads and
1226 villages. The municipalities are Chandpur Sadar, Shahrasti, Matlab,
Changer Char and Hajiganj and the upazilas are chandpur sadar, hajiganj,
kachua, faridganj, matlab, haimchar and shahrasti.
and relics Rasti Shah Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Suja
Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kalimandir at Matlab, Math
at Lohagara, Math at Naorai, Math at Tultuli (Kachua), Raths at Sachar
and Matlab, Pata of Behula at Ujani, ramnants of the fort at Nasir Court,
Kali Bari at Meher, Neelkuthi at Shahebganj, Baraduara at Kasimbazar,
Kalibari Mandir (1878) at Chandpur Sadar.
Marks of War of Liberation
Memorial monument "Aungikar", Amra tomader bhulbana (we shall
never forget you) at Faridganj, "Dipta Bangladesh" at Matlab
and Chandrakandi memorial monument (Sadullahpur, Matlab); mass killing
site: Raghunathpur Bazar (Hajiganj), Hamidia Jute Mils Compound, North
and south Ray Sree; mass grave: Nasircourt (Hajiganj).
male 48.67%, female 51.33%; Muslim 92.55%, Hindu 7.18%, Buddhist 0.06%,
Christian 0.07% and others 0.14%.
Mosque 2852, temple 286, Church 2, most noted religious institutions
are Begum Mosque, Puran Bazar Mosque, Shah Suja Mosque, Firoz Khan Mosque,
Pasha Ghazi Mosque, Palgiri Mosque, Madakhan Mosque, Rasti Shah Dargah,
Akra of Lakhinarayan Jeor, Chandpur Kalibari, Ajachak Asram, Kundubari
Durga Mandir, Ramkrishna Mission, Harisava, New Zealand Baptist Missionaries,
Meher Kali Bari.
Literacy and educational
institutions Average literacy 37.8%; male 42.7%, female 33%. Educational
institutions: university college 1, government college 2, non-government
college 36, primary teacher's training institute 1, government high
school 6, non-government high school 224, madrasa 1157, government primary
school 786, non-government primary school 684, mass education school
76, BRAC school 28, community school 61, satellite school 37, kindergarten
school 11, government deaf and dump school 1.
newspapers and periodicals Dainik Chandpur Kantha, Chandpur Darpan;
Weekly Chandpur Sangbad, Weekly Chandpur Sangbad, Weekly Rupasi, Weekly
Dibachitra, Weekly Hajiganj; extinct- Nababanga (1947), Alo (1947),
Weekly Annagram (1960), Bharat Hitashi, Rakta Palash, Raktim Surya and
Club 460, public library 9, cinema hall 12, theatre group 14, literary
society 5, park 2, youth organisation 45, cooperative society 3129,
voluntary organisation 451 and women's organisation 15.
Main occupations Agriculture
35.13%, fishing 3.03%, agricultural labour 20.04%, wage labourer 3.15%,
commerce 12%, transport 2.24%, construction 1.64%, service 11.68%, others
Land use Total land
167009 hectares, cultivable land 112210 hectares; fallow land 48311
hectares; single crop 15.03%, double crop 59.93% and treble crop 25.04%;
land under irrigation 60921 hectares.
Land control Among
the peasants 22% are landless, 27% marginal, 39% small, 10% intermediate
and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The
market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy,
jute, mustard seed, supari (nut), wheat, potato and sugarcane.
Extinct or nearly
extinct crops Linseed, sesame, kaun and china, local variety of rice,
varieties of dal (pulse).
Main fruits Mango,
jackfruit, papaya, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava.
and poultry's Poultry 331, dairy 92, fishery 4076 and hatchery 113.
Roads: pucca 215 km, semi pucca 91 km and mud road 1407 km; railways:
50 km; waterways: 190 nautical mile.
Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport
are either extinct or nearly extinct.
mills 11, rice and flour mill 185, ice factory 14, cold storage 4, chemical
industries 1, iron work 3, aluminum product 1, match factory 2.
Cottage industries include weaving, shital pati, potteries, bamboo and
cane work, fishing net making, blacksmith, tailoring, goldsmith.
Hats, bazars and fairs
Total number of hats and bazars are 213, most noted of which are Puran
Bazar, Natun Bazar, Baburhat, Kachua, Faridganj, Fatehpur, Suchipara,
Begum Bazar, Hajiganj, Warukh, Matlab, Shahtali, Satnal; noted fairs
are Austami Snan Mela (Chandpur), Meher Kali Mela (Shahrasti), Paush
Samkranti Mela, Bijoy Mela, Asutami Mela (Aliganj, Hajiganj), Beltali
Mela (Matlab) and Boi (book) Mela.
Main exports Hilsa
fish, shrimp, betel nut and potato.
NGO activities Operationally
important NGOs are brac, asa, CARE, grameen bank, Autta Nibedita, Aman,
DPHE, BAVS, VOSD, Save Our Life.
Health centres Zila
sadar hospital 1, charitable dispensary 1, upazila health complex 7,
satellite clinic 20, health and family welfare centre 76, maternity
centre 3, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, red crescent hospital
1, tuberculosis hospital 1, private clinic 6, railway hospital 1. [Abul