Chowdhury Bari - 500 years old
Niz Mehar, Shahrasti, Chandpur
of Mehar Royal Family
Two brothers - Bhupen Chandra Roy Chowdhury
& Biresh Chandra Roy Chowdhury
Upazila (chandpur district) with an area of 154.31 sq km, is bounded
by kachua (Chandpur) upazila on the north, chatkhil and ramganj upazilas
on the south, laksham and barura upazilas on the east and hajiganj upazila
on the west. Main river is Dakatia; noted canal is Shalakhali Khal.
Shahrasti (Town) consists
of 9 wards and 14 mahallas. The area of the town is 6.27 sq km. It has
a population of 24374; male 49.63%, female 50.37%; population density
per sq km is 3887. Literacy rate among the town people is 47.3%. The
town has one dakbungalow.
thana was established in 1978 and was turned into an upazila in 1983.
The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 union parishads, 162 mouzas
and 176 villages.
During the War of Liberation the Pak army killed several freedom fighters
in an encounter while they were destroying the railway line at Naora
area of the upazila. In another encounter with the Pak army Muktijoddha
Ilias Chowdhury was killed.
male 48.59%, female 51.41%; Muslim 95.12%, Hindu 4.84% and others 0.04%.
Mosque 300, temple 5, tomb 1 and sacred place 1.
Literacy and educational
institutions Average literacy 43%; male 46.4% and female 39.8%. Educational
institutions: college 4, high school 29, madrasa 15, government primary
school 70, non-government primary school 18. Noted educational institutions:
Chengachal Government Primary School (1913), Waruk Rahmania High School
(1899), Dhamra High School (1913), Nunia Islamia Senior Madrasa (1931).
newspapers and periodical Fortnightly Shahrasti (extinct).
Rural club 23, library 1, cinema hall 1, playground 34.
Main occupations Agriculture
33.32%, agricultural labourer 20.81%, wage labourer 2.93%, commerce
10.41%, service 16.83%, transport 2.25% and others 13.45%.
Land use Total cultivable
land 12164.31 hectares; single crop 20%, double crop 70% and treble
crop land 10%; land under irrigation 80%.
Land control Among
the peasants, 14.49% are landless, 45.45% marginal, 27.36% small, 12.11%
intermediate and 0.59% rich; cultivable land per head 0.07 hectare.
Value of land The
market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 12500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy,
wheat, potato and sugarcane.
Extinct or nearly
extinct crops Linseed, sesame, jute, mustard seed, kaun and motor.
Main fruits Mango,
jackfruit, papaya, banana and black berry.
poultries Poultry 49, fishery 12, dairy 5 and hatchery 2.
Roads: pucca 32 km, semi pucca 22 km and mud road 416 km; railways 20
km; waterways 8 nautical mile.
Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Goldsmith 140, blacksmith 22, potteries 7, wood work 558, tailoring
402, bamboo work 135, welding 25 and cocoon production by female labour.
Hats, bazars and fairs
Hats and bazars are 12, most noted of which are Thakur Bazar, Warukh
Bazar and Suchipara Bazar; noted fair is Maheswari Kali Bari Mela.
Main exports Paddy,
potato and sugarcane.
NGO activities Operationally
important NGOs are brac, asa, grameen bank, Helen Keller and Base.
Health centres Upazila
health complex 1, sub health centre 2, family planning centre 9. [Farid